Lesson 14: Maps -- Know Where You Are
Some general things for consideration
On Subject of American Maps. We use the old maps to locate where family
members were born, married or died around 1800's. Ever speak to someone
who has done research for twenty years and never realized they should have
used a map. Sometimes it is really that simple!!!
One map often used by researchers might be provided by a lady in the local
genealogy center. The map = "The United States during Confederation".
Listed below are the Territories or States, this may help some of you
that can not find this map depicting the US at the time of the Confederation.
Spanish Florida: Located from New Orleans, along the coast of AL and
Miss. to all of what we know as Florida.
Disputed by Spain: Sections of lower Miss and AL
Georgia ceded in 1802: Covers upper sections of Miss. and AL and all of
what we know as GA.
South Carolina: Above Georgia, Takes a small southern portion of Tenn. and
moves east to the SC. we know today. SC was ceded in 1787.
North Carolina ceded in 1790: Above SC, takes the rest of Tenn. moving
east to the coast of NC. as we know it today.
Virginia is above NC & ceded in 1786 and 1784: This Virginia covers
Kentucky , lower Indiana, lower Ohio, West Virginia and the State of
Virginia. One small section on the Ohio river ceded to Kentucky in 1792.
Virginia also covered Northern Michigan and Northern Wisconsin. and part
of Northern Minnesota. It was ceded in 1784.
Everything hasn’t been listed but this should set the stage and give you an idea
Also counties changed within these states and Territories.
Some one says to you “Ohio, where’s OHIO?” Do you really know?
In the context of one of my forefathers, Jamestown, Virginia was on
the East Coast and the first Governor was Thomas David Dale, appointed
by the Virginia Company in London - The London Virginia Company was
incorporated as a joint stock company by a proprietary charter drawn
up on April 10, 1606 - and was named after the area of North America. In 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh explored the Atlantic coast of North
America. Raleigh, or possibly the Queen herself, named the area "Virginia"
after Queen Elizabeth, known as the "Virgin Queen" because she never
My younger brother’s name is Thomas David Dale - coincidence?
Then there was the Lord High Chancellor for Ireland in the 1357's
named Thomas David Dale. - coincidence? What does this have to
do with maps?
I looked at map of the 1600's when visiting The Library
at William and Mary and found a “Dale” town in Virginia. Couldn’t
find the town today but was surprised until remembering that Virginia
stretched westward, way west, and in fact what is now southern OHIO
was once part of Virginia. Vague thoughts began to filter in and I
remembered a history class in high school (Kansas) where there was
some sort of local fight over the county seat and it was moved by force
to a new location. Went to the Salt Lake Library and tried to find the
home of some ancestors in Antioch, Ohio. Spent the longest time looking
when a nice lady decided to have mercy on me and pointed out there were
two Antiochs...one in what was once Virginia. Kind of like looking for
Pulanski County, great if you’re from Little Rock, but in at a Genealogy
Convention look out, there’s a dozen Pulanski counties in as many states.
Reference made to an individual having been born in VA as early
as 1728 to as late as 1863 could indicate that he was born in:
Any part of Illinois from 1781 to statehood in 1818
Any part of Indiana from 1787 to statehood in 1816
Any part of Kentucky from 1775 to statehood in 1792
Any part of Maryland from 1775 to statehood in 1792
Any part of North Carolina from 1728 to 1779
Any part of Ohio from 1778 to statehood in 1803
Any part of Pennsylvania from 1752 to 1786
Any part of Tennessee from 1760 to 1803
All of West Virginia from 1769 to 1863
(reprinted from "Searchers & Researchers",
Ellis County Texas, Winter 1993)
The Sanborn map collection consists of a uniform series of
large-scale maps, dating from 1867 to the present and depicting
the commercial, industrial, and residential sections of some
twelve thousand cities and towns in the United States, Canada,
and Mexico. The maps were designed to assist fire insurance
agents in determining the degree of hazard associated with a
particular property and therefore show the size, shape, and
construction of dwellings, commercial buildings, and factories.
The maps also indicate widths and names of streets, property
boundaries, building use, and house and block numbers. They
show the locations of water mains, giving their dimensions,
and of fire alarm boxes and hydrants. Sanborn maps are thus
an unrivaled source of information about the structure
and use of buildings in American cities. The Sanborn collection
includes some fifty thousand editions of fire insurance maps
comprising an estimated seven hundred thousand individual sheets.
The Library of Congress holdings represent the largest extant
collection of maps produced by the Sanborn Map Company.