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bode'wadmimo speak Potawatomi
nIshnabe'k The People
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We have completed the Potawatomi treaties. All of the treaties between the Potawatomi and the United States are now on line.
Menominee's letters The treaty of August 5, 1836 ceded to the United States the reserve granted to Menominee, No-taw-kah, Muck-kah-tah-mo-way and Pee-pin-oh-waw and their bands by the treaty of October 26, 1832. The 1836 treaty does not carry Menominee's name. Menominee, Muck-kah-tah-mo-way, Pee-pin-oh-waw and the sons of No-taw-kah wrote at least three letters protesting that none of them had attended the council or signed the treaty and that the treaty was invalid. Transcripts of these protest letters are presented here thanks to Tom Ford who obtained copies from the National Archives.
All of the excerpts from the Gospel According to Matthew, as translated into Potawatomi by the Jesuit missionaries and compiled by Maurice Gailland, S.J., are now on line. This on-going work is funded by the Kansas Humanities Council grant we received earlier this year.
We have added treaties that were signed between 1807 and 1816.
Peggy Kinder has given us permission to show you one of her traditional Potawatomi blouses ; Eric and Susan Campbell took the pictures.
September 11, 1998
The sixth annual Gathering was hosted by the Nottawaseppi Huron Band at their reservation in Athens, Michigan during the last weekend of August. The theme was "Welcome Home" and everyone who attended felt most welcome. Several of our group were present at this very special event.
We were contacted recently by Sean Markey of the National Geographic Society, requesting our help and yours. He wrote that "National Geographic Online is conducting an Internet survey on geography and migration this coming fall. It's crucial that the perspective of Native Americans be included for this study to be valid." He asked us to tell you the following:
"Your perspective as a member of the on line Native American community is needed. The National Geographic Society would like your help to answer an age-old question: How does where you live shape who you are? NGS invites you to take part in a confidential, 20-minute Internet survey to help scholars study the relationship between geography and one's sense of identity and community. To take part, please visit the following address http://survey2000.nationalgeographic.com anytime between September 17 and November 27."
Jim Thunder has a new book out, the third is his language series. It has three accompanying audio tapes. For more information, see our help page.
As a result of her recent travels, Susan Campbell has learned individuals to contact for genealogical information if your ancestors belonged to the Huron Band or lived on Walpole Island. See her Genealogy Sources page.
The fifth treaty which members of the Potawatomi signed is the treaty with the Delaware dated August 21, 1805.
August 6, 1998
The fourth treaty on which Potawatomi names appear is the treaty with the Wyandot dated July 4, 1805.
June 29, 1998
The Denver Museum of Natural History has a fine collection of Potawatomi beadwork and ribbon applique. Susan Campbell obtained permission for us to share photos of several pieces with you.
The third Potawatomi treaty in George S. Fay's book of Potawatomi treaties is dated June 7, 1803.
Our list of historical markers that commemorate the Trail of Death is complete, thanks to Shirley Willard of the Fulton County Historical Society. See our Trail of Death map page for information on the Trail of Death Commemorative Caravan, which will retrace this tragic journey in late September, 1998.
June 16, 1998
The Treaty of Greeneville is the second treaty that was signed by Potawatomi. It is available in our hypertext version of George S. Fay's Potawatomi Treaties.
A grammatical note: we have changed the name of our help and resources section from nizhokma (the verb) to nizhokmake'wen (the noun). It will take us a couple of updates to get the links changed on all of our pages.
May 29, 1998
We have received a grant from the Kansas Humanities Council to study the missionary translations of scriptures and prayers into Potawatomi. If you would like to know more about it, we have put extracts from our Grant proposal up in our Bwaka section.
We have begun to add the Potawatomi treaties, as assembled and edited by George E. Fay to the website. Our thanks to Dr. Fay for giving us permission to make his book available to you, and to Bwaka volunteer Tom Ford, for finding this work and obtaining permission for us to use it.
Here is a recent map of the Prairie Band reservation. It may also be accessed from "The People Today" in our nIshnabe'k The People section. This is a graphic file that is several hundred kilobytes, and may take a while to load. We thought the detail was worth it.
A map of the Trail of Death and a list of the markers that commemorate this tragic journey has been added to the nIshnabe'k The People section.
There is a new link on the genealogy sources page to an Kathy Welch Heidel's genealogy website. Kathy is a Prairie Band Potawatomi woman.
May 15, 1998
Check our nIshnabe'k The People section to see photographs from the 1996 Gathering, hosted by the Hannahville Indian Community, and the 1997 Gathering, hosted by the Citizen Potawatomi Nation. Susan and Eric Campbell contributed these pictures.
We have added Susan Campbell's family stories to our genealogy section.
We added the Ten Commandments to the prayers in Gailland's Potewatemi Neme'winin ipi Nemenigamowinin Potawatomi Prayers and Hymns that are on line in a more readable format, with the English version of each.
We have received a new grant from the Kansas Humanities Council that will enable us to expand our Potawatomi language offerings on the site. We're working hard on it now. We'll give you more information in our next update.
Tom Ford has obtained permission for us to add a new book, George Fay's compendium of all the treaties signed by the Potawatomi, to the website. We'll show you the first of the book in our next update!
April 30, 1998
At long last, we have added family trees pages to our Genealogy section. We begin with Susan Campbell's family tree. Susan is descended from Chesaugan, a headman of the St. Joseph Band of Potawatomi. Susan has traced her family tree back as far as seventeenth century France.
Check our genealogy sources page for a new link to the Quebec Family History Society site.
We added the Act of Contrition to the prayers in Gailland's Potewatemi Neme'winin ipi Nemenigamowinin Potawatomi Prayers and Hymns that are on line in a more readable format, with the English version of each
April 15, 1998
We added the Apostles Creed to the prayers in Gailland's Potewatemi Neme'winin ipi Nemenigamowinin Potawatomi Prayers and Hymns that are on line in a more readable format, with the English version of each.
A web site map or comprehensive table of contents is now available, in case you were wondering if you had missed anything.
March 27, 1998
Jack Wooldridge has graciously offered to let us display a copy of his painting, "Long Elk at Little Bighorn" on the website.
The first few prayers in Gailland's Potewatemi Neme'winin ipi Nemenigamowinin Potawatomi Prayers and Hymns are on line in a more readable format, with the English version of each.
The Trail of Death materials have been expanded to include excerpts from official reports of muster rolls before and after the journey. Thanks to Tom Ford and Susan Campbell for obtaining and transcribing these materials.
We have added a number of new entries to our list of Potawatomi references.
February 27, 1998
We revised the web site and moved it to the Kansas Heritage Server.
January 30, 1998
The first family story was been added to our genealogy section. It tells about Michikan Gishawata, an early 19th century Potawatomi chief, and his descendants. Our thanks to Cathy Couch for allowing us to share her family's story with you.
Susan Campbell has given us permission to show her family's beadwork in our new Arts section. Some of our new graphics, seen on the genealogy pages and between the letters of John Tipton (see below) are taken from the designs in these lovely pieces of Potawatomi art.
Added earlier in January: more Trail of Death materials, obtained for us from the National Archives in Washington, D.C. by Tom Ford, one of our volunteers:
Letters of John Tipton, who organized the Trail of Death, written during its early days.
Potawatomi land holdings in Marshall County, IN, 1838, a survey taken by some of Tipton's men as they gathered the Potawatomi in preparation for the journey west.
December, 1997 - on the Trail of Death
A wealth of historical information - an abbreviated diary of the removal, and a reference list of further materials, excerpted from a 1988 publication of the Fulton County Historical Society, together with materials collected by Ivan Nunemaker: a roll of the Potawatomi forcibly escorted to Kansas and a list of the Trail encampments.
"Cage NokmIsen," a poem by Susan Campbell, a woman of many talents and one of BWAKA's most energetic volunteers.
We have installed our Potawatomi Genealogy page, developed by Susan Campbell.
We have moved our culture section, now called "nIshnabe'k The People" to the Kansas Heritage Server.
We announced a workshop on Potawatomi language and culture to be held at Iowa State University, co-taught by Jim and Smokey McKinney.
We added William Elsey Connelley's essay "The Prairie Band of Pottawatomie Indians" to the website.
We stopped adding sound files to the dictionary in August. Sound files are provided for approximately a third of the dictionary entries; 391 sound files are linked to the Potawatomi-English version.
June 30, 1997
Johnston Lykins' translation of The Acts of the Apostles, the second half of his book published in 1844, is available in hypertext. We have converted Lykins' original orthography to something like our PBP orthography, in the same way that we converted the Gospel According to Matthew last month.
May 28, 1997
April 30, 1997
Revision note for December 5, 1996
November 10, 1996
June 20, 1996
A couple of important matters for any of you interested:
February 16, 1996
This website was established in September, 1995.
MIgwe'c mine' pama mine' - Smokey
BWAKA - about us
bode'wadmimo speak Potawatomi
nIshnabe'k The People
Homepage: news & updates